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Unenforced law

An unenforced law is a crime which is illegal, but is usually not penalized by a jurisdiction. It is a law which is usually ignored by law enforcement, therefore such laws have no consequences. Some people have criticized such laws claiming that ...

                                               

Unindicted co-conspirator

                                               

Uninsured employer

Uninsured employer in the United States is a term to identify an employer of workers under circumstances where there is no form of insurance in place to provide certain benefits to those workers. More specifically, it is a term used in workers’ c ...

                                               

Unsolicited goods

In the realm of the United Kingdom unsolicited goods are goods delivered to an individual with a view to the individual acquiring them, but where the individual has no reasonable cause to believe that they were delivered for legitimate business a ...

                                               

Vicarious liability (criminal)

The legal principle of vicarious liability applies to hold one person liable for the actions of another when engaged in some form of joint or collective activity.

                                               

Victims' rights

Victims rights are legal rights afforded to victims of crime. These may include the right to restitution, the right to a victims advocate, the right not to be excluded from criminal justice proceedings, and the right to speak at criminal justice ...

                                               

Violation of law

A violation of law is any act that fails to abide by existing law. Violations generally include both crimes and civil wrongs. Some acts, such as fraud, can violate both civil and criminal laws. Civil law violations usually lead to civil penalties ...

                                               

Vollrausch

Vollrausch is a criminal provision which complements Actio libera in causa in German laws. If a person who voluntarily and deliberately gets drunk but he or she did not intend to commit a crime before dranking but he or she did harmful activity, ...

                                               

Watching brief (lawsuit)

A watching brief is a method normally used in criminal cases by lawyers to represent clients not directly a party to the suit and to function as an observer. The method is normally used to help protect the rights and interests of victims of a cri ...

                                               

Willful blindness

Willful blindness is a term used in law to describe a situation in which a person seeks to avoid civil or criminal liability for a wrongful act by intentionally keeping himself or herself unaware of facts that would render him or her liable or im ...

                                               

Writeprint

Writeprint is a method in forensic linguistics of establishing author identification over the internet, likened to a digital fingerprint. Identity is established through a comparison of distinguishing stylometric characteristics of an unknown wri ...

                                               

Wrongdoing

A wrong is an act that is illegal or immoral. Legal wrongs are usually quite clearly defined in the law of a state and/or jurisdiction. They can be divided into civil wrongs and crimes in common law countries, while civil law countries tend to ha ...

                                               

Year and a day rule

The year and a day rule has been a common length of time for establishing differences in legal status. The phrase "year and a day rule" is associated with the former common law standard that death could not be legally attributed to acts or omissi ...

                                               

Argentine Anticommunist Alliance

The Argentine Anticommunist Alliance was a far-right death squad founded in Argentina in 1973 and particularly active under Isabel Perons rule. Initially associated with the Peronist right, the organisation opposed the Peronist left and other lef ...

                                               

D'Aquila crime family

The DAquila crime family was one of the earliest crime families to be established in the United States and New York City. The DAquilas were based in Manhattans Little Italy, originally a crew of the Morello family prior to breaking off and absorb ...

                                               

UGNazi

UGNazi is a hacker group. The group conducted a series of cyberattacks, including social engineering, data breach, and denial-of-service attacks, on the websites of various organizations in 2012. Two members of UGNazi were arrested in June 2012; ...

                                               

2019 Uruguayan constitutional referendum

A constitutional referendum was held in Uruguay on 27 October 2019, alongside general elections. The proposed amendments to the constitution would create a national guard, forbid early release for some serious crimes, introduce life sentences for ...

                                               

Anti-climb paint

Anti-climb paint is a class of paint consisting of a thick oily coating that is applied with a stiff brush, trowel or by hand using a protective glove. In appearance it is similar to smooth gloss paint when applied but it remains slippery indefin ...

                                               

Anti-hijack system

An anti-hijack system is an electronic system fitted to motor vehicles to deter criminals from hijacking them. Although these types of systems are becoming more common on newer cars, they have not caused a decrease in insurance premiums as they a ...

                                               

Anti-theft system

Anti-theft systems protect valuables such as vehicles and personal property like wallets, phones, and jewelry. They are also used in retail settings to protect merchandise in the form of security tags and labels. Anti-theft systems include device ...

                                               

ATM SafetyPIN software

ATM SafetyPIN software is a software application that would allow users of automated teller machines to alert the police of a forced cash withdrawal by entering their personal identification number in reverse order. The system was patented by Ill ...

                                               

Bouncer (doorman)

A bouncer is a type of security guard, employed at venues such as bars, nightclubs, stripclubs, casinos, hotels, billiard halls, restaurants, sporting events, or concerts. A bouncers duties are to provide security, to check legal age and drinking ...

                                               

Sergio Cabral Filho

Sergio de Oliveira Cabral Santos Filho is a Brazilian politician and a journalist He was elected governor of the state of Rio de Janeiro in the 2006 Brazilian general election and sworn into office on January 1, 2007. Cabral Filho was a represent ...

                                               

Child sexual abuse prevention programmes

Child sexual abuse prevention programs are programs designed to lower the incidence of sexual abuse amongst those that access them. Programs can be provided to children and young people, those employed in childcare, people who would have otherwis ...

                                               

Closed-circuit television

Closed-circuit television, also known as video surveillance, is the use of video cameras to transmit a signal to a specific place, on a limited set of monitors. It differs from broadcast television in that the signal is not openly transmitted, th ...

                                               

Common Criteria Evaluation and Validation Scheme

Common Criteria Evaluation and Validation Scheme is a United States Government program administered by the National Information Assurance Partnership to evaluate security functionality of an information technology with conformance to the Common C ...

                                               

Community Capacity Development Office

The Community Capacity Development Office is an office of the United States Department of Justice and a component of the Office of Justice Programs. The mission is to work within local communities to reduce crime and improve the quality of life. ...

                                               

Community Justice (Scotland) Act 2016

The Community Justice Act 2016 is an Act of the Scottish Parliament passed in February 2016 to make provision for new community justice arrangements. The Act established a new national body to oversee community justice and it introduced requireme ...

                                               

Crime opportunity theory

Crime opportunity theory suggests that offenders make rational choices and thus choose targets that offer a high reward with little effort and risk. The occurrence of a crime depends on two things: the presence of at least one motivated offender ...

                                               

Crime Pattern Theory

Crime Pattern Theory is a way of explaining why crimes are committed in certain areas. Crime is not random, it is either planned or opportunistic. According to the theory crime happens when the activity space of a victim or target intersects with ...

                                               

Crime Prevention Ottawa

Crime Prevention Ottawa is a city-funded municipal board which upholds the mission to reduce crime and enhance community safety in the city of Ottawa through collaborative and evidence-based crime prevention. CPO maintains the vision that Ottawa ...

                                               

Criminal Reduction Utilising Statistical History

Criminal Reduction Utilising Statistical History is an IBM predictive analytics system that attempts to predict the location of future crimes. It was developed as part of the Blue CRUSH program in conjunction with Memphis Police Department and th ...

                                               

DNA marking

DNA marking is a type of forensic identification. It is a method to mark items in a way that is undetectable to the naked eye. A unique DNA marker is applied to the item, and can be recovered to identify the item. In suspected thefts, the suspect ...

                                               

Dynamic Intelligent Currency Encryption

Dynamic Intelligent Currency Encryption is an AI-controlled security technology, which devaluates banknotes and assets remotely that have been stolen or are illegal. The cash security system that is based on identifiable banknotes, was invented a ...

                                               

European Electronic Crime Task Force

The European Electronic Crime Task Force is an information sharing initiative, created in 2009 by an agreement between the United States Secret Service, the Italian Ministry of Internal Affairs and Poste Italiane. The EECTFs mission is "to suppor ...

                                               

Eye in the sky (camera)

The eye in the sky is a term given to casino and other commercial security closed circuit cameras. In casinos, they are positioned to monitor seats, tables, hallways, restaurants, and even elevators closely. The functional component is known as a ...

                                               

Financial Transparency Coalition

The Financial Transparency Coalition is a group that brings together civil society and governments around the world to stem illicit financial flows that are costing developing countries nearly a trillion dollars each year. The Coalition was forme ...

                                               

Full body scanner

A full-body scanner is a device that detects objects on a persons body for security screening purposes, without physically removing clothes or making physical contact. Depending on the technology used, the operator may see an alternate-wavelength ...

                                               

Gang Resistance Education and Training

Gang Resistance Education And Training, abbreviated G.R.E.A.T., provides a school-based, police officer instructed program that includes classroom instruction and various learning activities, the use of law enforcement officers having several adv ...

                                               

German Congress on Crime Prevention

The German Congress on Crime Prevention is an international conference for the field of crime prevention that takes place annually since 1995 in different German cities.

                                               

Grievance-based violence

Grievance-Based Violence is a term in security planning that describes violent acts committed by an individual, against another individual, which are specifically motivated by a grievance. Motivation for GBV incidents stands apart from other type ...

                                               

Guard tour patrol system

A guard tour patrol system is a system for logging the rounds of employees in a variety of situations such as security guards patrolling property, technicians monitoring climate-controlled environments, and correctional officers checking prisoner ...

                                               

Gun buyback program

A gun buyback program is one instituted to purchase privately owned firearms. The goal, when purchasing is done by the police, is to reduce the number of firearms owned by civilians, and provide a process whereby civilians can sell their privatel ...

                                               

High Technology Crime Investigation Association

High Technology Crime Investigation Association is an international non-profit professional organization devoted to the prevention, investigation, and prosecution of crimes involving advanced technologies. Author and cybercrime expert, Christophe ...

                                               

Home safety

Home safety refers to the awareness and education of risks and potential dangers in and around a home which may cause bodily harm, injury, or even death to those residing in and around the physical structure of a home. It includes mitigating or p ...

                                               

Home security

Home security is both the security hardware in place on a property as well as personal security practices. Security hardware includes doors, locks, alarm systems, lighting, motion detectors, security camera systems, etc. that are installed on a p ...

                                               

Institute of Counter Fraud Specialists

The Institute of Counter Fraud Specialists {ICFS) was founded as a result of the United Kingdom Governments initiative to professionalise public sector fraud investigation. The Institute exists to further the cause of fraud prevention and detecti ...

                                               

Intelligence-led policing

Intelligence-led policing is a policing model built around the assessment and management of risk. Intelligence officers serve as guides to operations, rather than operations guiding intelligence. Calls for intelligence-led policing originated in ...

                                               

Internet Crimes Against Children

Internet Crimes Against Children is a task force started by the United States Department of Justices Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention in 1998. Its primary goals are to provide state and local law enforcement agencies the tool ...

                                               

Internet safety

Internet safety or online safety or cyber safety or E-Safety is trying to be safe on the internet and is the knowledge of maximizing the users personal safety and security risks to private information and property associated with using the intern ...

Encyclopedic dictionary

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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