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Faroese krona

The krona is the currency of the Faroe Islands. It is issued by Danmarks Nationalbank, the central bank of Denmark. It is not a separate currency, but is a local issue of banknotes denominated in the Danish krone. However, Danish-issued coins are ...

                                               

Philippine peso

The Philippine peso, also referred to by its Filipino name piso, is the official currency of the Philippines. It is subdivided into 100 centavos or sentimos in Filipino. As a former colony of the United States, the country used English on its cur ...

                                               

Hungarian forint

The forint is the currency of Hungary. It was formerly divided into 100 filler, but filler coins are no longer in circulation. The introduction of the forint on 1 August 1946 was a crucial step in the post-World War II stabilisation of the Hungar ...

                                               

Rwandan franc

The franc became the currency of Rwanda in 1916, when Belgium occupied the previously German colony and the Belgian Congo franc replaced the German East African rupie. Rwanda used the currency of Belgian Congo until 1960, when the Rwanda and Buru ...

                                               

French franc

The franc, also commonly distinguished as the French franc, was a currency of France. Between 1360 and 1641, it was the name of coins worth 1 livre tournois and it remained in common parlance as a term for this amount of money. It was reintroduce ...

                                               

Alderney pound

The island of Alderney has its own currency, which by law must be pegged to that of the United Kingdom. Schedule 2 of the Government of Alderney Law provides that the States of Alderney may, by Ordinance, prescribe "the legal currency and denomin ...

                                               

Saint Helena pound

The Saint Helena pound is the currency of the Atlantic islands of Saint Helena and Ascension, which are constituent parts of the British overseas territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha. It is fixed at parity with the British po ...

                                               

Hyderabadi rupee

The Hyderabadi Rupee was the currency of the Hyderabad State from 1918 to 1959. It coexisted with the Indian rupee from 1950. Like the Indian rupee, it was divided into 16 annas, each of 12 pai. Coins were issued in copper for denominations of 1 ...

                                               

Croatian dinar

The Croatian dinar replaced the 1990 version of Yugoslav dinar at par. It was a transitional currency introduced following Croatias declaration of independence. During its existence the dinar declined in value by a factor of about 70. The dinar w ...

                                               

Private currency

A private currency is a currency issued by a private entity, be it an individual, a commercial business, a nonprofit or decentralized common enterprise. It is often contrasted with fiat currency issued by governments or central banks. In many cou ...

                                               

Montenegrin perper

The perper was the currency of Montenegro between 1906 and 1916. It was divided into 100 para. At the end of the 20th century, Montenegro contemplated issuing the perper again. However, it decided to adopt the Deutsche mark instead, and later fol ...

                                               

Chechen naxar

The naxar is the currency that Chechen separatists planned for the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. In 1994, in the UK, banknotes were printed in denominations of 1-, 3-, 5-, 10-, 20-, 50-, 100-, 500, and 1000 nahar, dated 1995. This currency was no ...

                                               

Chilean peso

The peso is the currency of Chile. The current peso has circulated since 1975, with a previous version circulating between 1817 and 1960. Its symbol is defined as a letter S with either one or two vertical bars superimposed prefixing the amount, ...

                                               

Swedish krona

The krona ; plural: kronor ; sign: kr ; code: SEK) is the official currency of Sweden. Both the ISO code "SEK" and currency sign "kr" are in common use; the former precedes or follows the value, the latter usually follows it but, especially in th ...

                                               

Ecuadorian sucre

The Sucre was the currency of Ecuador between 1884 and 2000. Its ISO code was ECS and it was subdivided into 10 Decimos or 100 Centavos. The sucre was named after Latin American political leader Antonio Jose de Sucre. The currency was replaced by ...

                                               

Eritrean nakfa

The nakfa is the currency of Eritrea and was introduced on 8 November 1997 to replace the Ethiopian birr at par. The currency takes its name from the Eritrean town of Nakfa, site of the first major victory of the Eritrean War of Independence. The ...

                                               

Escudo

The escudo is a unit of currency historically used in Portugal and its colonies in South America, Asia, and Africa. It was originally worth 16 silver reais. The Cape Verdean escudo and the former Portuguese escudo, each subdivided into 100 centav ...

                                               

Estonian kroon

The kroon was the official currency of Estonia for two periods in history: 1928–1940 and 1992–2011. Between 1 January and 14 January 2011, the kroon circulated together with the euro, after which the euro became the sole legal tender in Estonia. ...

                                               

Estonian mark

The Estonian mark was the currency of Estonia between 1918 and 1927. It was initially equivalent to the German ostmark, which had been circulating alongside the Russian ruble since the German occupation. It was divided into 100 penns. It was repl ...

                                               

South African rand

The rand is the official currency of South Africa. The rand is subdivided into 100 cents. The ISO 4217 code is ZAR, from Zuid-Afrikaanse rand ; the ZA is a historical relic from Dutch and is not used in any current context except the country abbr ...

                                               

South Korean won

The South Korean won or Korean won is the official currency of South Korea. A single won is divided into 100 jeon, the monetary subunit. The jeon is no longer used for everyday transactions, and appears only in foreign exchange rates. The won is ...

                                               

South Sudanese pound

The South Sudanese pound is the official currency of the Republic of South Sudan. It is subdivided into 100 piasters. It was approved by the Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly before secession on 9 July 2011 from Sudan. It was introduced on 18 J ...

                                               

Currency substitution

Currency substitution or dollarization is the use of a foreign currency in parallel to or instead of the domestic currency. Currency substitution can be full or partial. Most, if not all, full currency substitution has taken place after a major e ...

                                               

Disney dollar

Disney Dollars are a form of corporate scrip sold by The Walt Disney Company and redeemable for goods or services at many Disney facilities. Similar in size, shape and design to the paper currency of the United States, most bills bear the image o ...

                                               

Solomon Islands dollar

The Solomon Islands dollar is the currency of Solomon Islands since 1977. Its symbol is "$", with "SI$" used to differentiate it from other currencies also using the dollar sign. It is subdivided into 100 cents.

                                               

Fijian dollar

The Fijian dollar has been the currency of Fiji since 1969 and was also the currency between 1867 and 1873. It is normally abbreviated with the dollar sign $, or alternatively FJ$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies. It is ...

                                               

New Zealand dollar

The New Zealand dollar is the official currency and legal tender of New Zealand, the Cook Islands, Niue, the Ross Dependency, Tokelau, and a British territory, the Pitcairn Islands. Within New Zealand, it is almost always abbreviated with the dol ...

                                               

Singapore dollar

The Singapore dollar is the official currency of Singapore. It is divided into 100 cents. It is normally abbreviated with the dollar sign $, or S$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies. The Monetary Authority of Singapore iss ...

                                               

Virtual currency

Virtual currency, or virtual money, is a type of unregulated digital currency, which is issued and usually controlled by its developers and used and accepted among the members of a specific virtual community. The U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Co ...

                                               

Fictional currency

A fictional currency is some form of currency defined, or alluded to, in works of fiction. The names of units of such currency are sometimes based on extant or historic currencies while other names, such as "Kalganids" in Asimovs Foundation serie ...

                                               

Complementary currency

A complementary currency is a currency or medium of exchange that is not a national currency, but that is thought of as supplementing or complementing national currencies.: 3: 2 Complementary currencies are usually not legal tender and their use ...

                                               

Local currency

In economics, a local currency is a currency that can be spent in a particular geographical locality at participating organisations. A regional currency is a form of local currency encompassing a larger geographical area. A local currency acts as ...

                                               

Reserve currency

A reserve currency is a foreign currency that is held in significant quantities by central banks or other monetary authorities as part of their foreign exchange reserves. The reserve currency can be used in international transactions, internation ...

                                               

SUCRE

The SUCRE is a regional currency proposed for commercial exchanges between members of the regional trade bloc Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas, which was created as an alternative to the Free Trade Agreement of the Americas. The SUCRE is inte ...

                                               

Hard currency

Hard currency, safe-haven currency or strong currency is any globally traded currency that serves as a reliable and stable store of value. Factors contributing to a currencys hard status might include the stability and reliability of the respecti ...

                                               

Commodity currency

A commodity currency is a name given to some currencies that co-move with the world prices of primary commodity products, due to these countries heavy dependency on the export of certain raw materials for income. Commodity currencies are most pre ...

                                               

Eco (currency)

The Eco is the proposed name for the common currency that the West African Monetary Zone plans to introduce in the framework of the Economic Community of West African States. After its introduction, the goal is to merge the new currency with the ...

                                               

God's Angry Man

Gods Angry Man is a 1981 documentary film, directed by Werner Herzog about Gene Scott, a U.S. pastor and Stanford PhD who served for almost fifty years as an ordained minister and religious broadcaster in Los Angeles. The film was produced for te ...

                                               

Ora (currency)

The Ora is the local currency of Orania, an Afrikaner enclave in South Africa first issued in April 2004. It is pegged at par with the South African rand. The name, recalling that of the town where it circulates, derives from Latin aurum, meaning ...

                                               

Currency symbol

When writing currency amounts, the location of the symbol varies by language. Many currencies in the English-speaking world and Latin America place it before the amount e.g., R$50.00. The Cape Verdean escudo like the Portuguese escudo, to which i ...

                                               

Asian Monetary Unit

The Asian Monetary Unit is a basket of currencies proposed by the Japanese governments Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry. It is similar to and modeled on the European Currency Unit, predecessor to the euro. The Asian Monetary Unit ...

                                               

Currency basket

A currency basket is a portfolio of selected currencies with different weightings. A currency basket is commonly used to minimize the risk of currency fluctuations. An example of a currency basket is the European Currency Unit that was used by th ...

                                               

Currency pair

A currency pair is the quotation of the relative value of a currency unit against the unit of another currency in the foreign exchange market. The currency that is used as the reference is called the counter currency, quote currency or currency a ...

                                               

Bilateral trade

Bilateral trade or clearing trade is trade exclusively between two states, particularly, barter trade based on bilateral deals between governments, and without using hard currency for payment. Bilateral trade agreements often aim to keep trade de ...

                                               

Exchange rate

In finance, an exchange rate is the rate at which one currency will be exchanged for another. It is also regarded as the value of one countrys currency in relation to another currency. For example, an interbank exchange rate of 114 Japanese yen t ...

                                               

Foreign exchange risk

Foreign exchange risk is a financial risk that exists when a financial transaction is denominated in a currency other than the domestic currency of the company. The exchange risk arises when there is a risk of an unfavourable change in exchange r ...

                                               

Foreign exchange market

The foreign exchange market is a global decentralized or over-the-counter market for the trading of currencies. This market determines foreign exchange rates for every currency. It includes all aspects of buying, selling and exchanging currencies ...

                                               

Currency board

A currency board is a monetary authority which is required to maintain a fixed exchange rate with a foreign currency. This policy objective requires the conventional objectives of a central bank to be subordinated to the exchange rate target.

                                               

Currency union

A currency union is an intergovernmental agreement that involves two or more states sharing the same currency. These states may not necessarily have any further integration. There are three types of currency unions: Informal – unilateral adoption ...

                                               

List of currencies

A list of all currencies, current and historic. The local name of the currency is used in this list, with the adjectival form of the country or region.

Encyclopedic dictionary

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