What is alkalosis?

Alkalosis is a process tending to produce a decrease in hydrogen ion concentration in the body fluids; if uncompensated, it leads to a rise in pH.
hypokalemic a. Alkalosis characterized by a low serum potassium concentration;
characteristic of the most commonly seen form of metabolic alkalosis.
metabolic a. The state resulting from excessive retention of alkali or excessive loss of acid; common causes include prolonged vomiting or gastric drainage, diuretic therapy, and excessive adrenal corticosteroid secretion or administration; characterized by an elevation of the plasma bicarbonate concentration and a tendency to an alkaline arterial pH; when the arterial pH is actually more alkaline than normal, the condition should, strictly speaking, be called alkalemia.
respiratory a. The state resulting from hyperventilation and reduction of pCO in body
fluids.

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