What is body?

Body are:

  • - 1. The whole material structure of man or animal
  • - 2. The main part of anything.

amygdaloid b. A motor nucleus composed of large multipolar cells that send fibers into the glosso-pharyngeal, vagus, and accessory nerves to supply the pharynx and larynx.
aortic b.’s Small bilateral structures on a branch of the aorta near its arch; they contain chemoreceptors which are stimulated by decreases in blood oxygen tension.
Aschoff b.’s The specific lesions of acute rheumatic carditis occurring as nodules within the connective tissue of the myocardium.
Auer b.’s Elongated structures found in the cytoplasm of immature myeloid cells in acute myelocytic leukemia.
basal b. Cylindrical thickening at the base of each cilium or flagellum; consists of nine triplets of microtubules arranged within the periphery of the cell membrane; triplets are continuous with the doublets of each cilium or flagellum.
carotid b. A neurovascular ellipsoidal structure, 3 to 6 mm in diameter, situated on each side of the neck at the bifurcation of the common carotid artery; it is part of the visceral afferent system that helps to regulate respiration.
cell b. The portion of a nerve cell that surrounds and includes the nucleus, exclusive of any projections.
ciliary b. The circular structure at the front of the eye between the outer edge of the iris and the ora serrata of the retina; it consists of six layers including the ciliary muscle and a layer of vessels and processes.
Councilman’s b.’s Globules representing dead and shrunken hepatocytes, formed in the liver in acute viral hepatitis.
foreign b. Any object or mass of material in the body that has been accidentaly or deliberately introduced from without.
geniculate b.’s Four paired oval masses located in the posteroinferior aspect of the
thalamus; the lateral are relay nuclei in the visual pathway; the medial serve as relay nuclei in the auditory pathway to the cerebral cortex.
hematoxylin b.’s, hematoxyphil b.’s Relatively large, deeply staining bodies occasionally found lying free in the tissues in certain diseases, believed to be the remnants of an injured cell nucleus; the structures are so named because of their affinity for hematoxylin stain.
hyaline b.’s of the pituitary Cells filled with hyaline material occasionally occurring in the posterior lobe of the pituitary.
inclusion b.’s Structures frequently observed in either the nucleus or the cytoplasm
of cells infected with certain viruses.
juxtaglomerular b. A group of cells around the renal glomerular arterioles containing cytoplasmic granules believed to be composed of renin.
ketone b.’s Collective name for acetoacetic acid, acetone, and β-hydroxybutyrate, the end products of improper and excessive breakdown of stored fat in the liver; they accumulate in the blood and spill over in the urine in such conditions as uncontrolled or undiagnosed diabetes and in severe starvation.
Leishman-Donovan b.’s The ovoid, nonflagellated form of the parasite
Leishmania donovani, usually packed in clusters within the cells of their mammalian host, causing visceral leishmaniasis.
Mallory b.’s Large accumulation of eosinophilic material in damaged liver cells; seen in certain diseases, especially those caused by alcoholism.
mamillary b. One of two small pea-shaped bodies of the hypothalamus, behind the infundibulum in the interpeduncular space; it receives fibers from the fornix and projects to the anterior thalamic nuclei.
Negri b.’s Bodies containing the rabies virus in the cytoplasm of nerve cells.
Nissl b.’s Clusters of ribosomes and endoplasmic reticulum in the cell body and dendrites of a nerve cell; they stain deeply with basic dyes.
para-aortic b.’s Small masses of chromaffin tissue found near the sympathetic ganglia along the abdominal aorta; they secrete epinephrine.
pineal b. A small gland-like structure, located on the roof of the third ventricle of the brain, overhanging the two superior quadrigeminal bodies.
polar b. One of the three cells formed by the ovum during its maturation.
psammoma b.’s Minute spheres, resembling grains of sand, composed of concentrically laminated mineral deposits; found in papillary cancer.
quadrigeminal b.’s Four paired eminences forming the dorsal part of the midbrain.
residual b.’s Intracellular globules containing unprocessed
ingested particles such as aging pigments.
trachoma b.’s Intracellular deposits found in the tarsal conjunctiva of a trachomatous eye.
vertebral b. The cylindrical ventral portion of the vertebra; adjacent vertebral bodies are joined by fibrocartilaginous disks.
vitreous b. The transparent, gelatinous mass, of a consistency slightly firmer than egg
white, filling the eyeball behind the lens; composed of a delicate network enclosing in its meshes a watery fluid.

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