What is endocarditis?

Endocarditis is inflammation of the lining membrane of the heart chambers.
atypical verrucous e. See Libman-Sacks endocarditis.
bacterial e. Endocarditis due to bacteria or other microorganisms, causing deformity of the valve leaflets; it may be acute, usually caused by pyogenic organisms such as staphylococci, or subacute, usually due to Streptococcus viridans or Streptococcus faecalis.
Libman-Sacks e. A nonbacterial endocarditis associated with systemic lupus
erythematosus.
Löffler’s e. An uncommon condition characterized by fibrosis and large thrombi of the heart wall, frequently associated with eosinophilia and congestive heart failure.
marantic e. See nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis.
nonbacterial thrombotic e. Endocarditis associated with verrucous lesions and clots,
occurring in the last stages of many chronic infections and wasting diseases.
rheumatic e. Endocarditis with special involvement of the valves associated with rheumatic fever.
subacute infective e. Endocarditis with insidious onset of symptoms, caused by an organism of moderate to low virulence; symptoms include nondescript malaise, low grade fever without chills, weight loss, and flulike symptoms.
terminal e. See nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis.
vegetative e., verrucous e. A type associated with the formation of fibrinous clots on the ulcerated valves.

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